SUSPENSION, EXPULSION, AND EMERGENCY EXCLUSION OF STUDENTS UNDER IDEA



V.    Suspension, Expulsion, and Emergency Exclusion Under IDEA.

        A.    Definitions.

                1.    Disability.    A student shall be deemed to have a disability protected by the IDEA. if a multidisciplinary evaluation team has 
                       verified the student as having autism, a behavior disorder, developmental delay, hearing impairment, mental handicap, multiple 
                       disabilities, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, specific learning disability, speech-language impairment, traumatic 
                       brain injury or visual impairment; and who because of this disability needs special education and related services.

                2.    Expulsion.    Expulsion is defined as exclusion from school for more than ten (10) school days.

                3.    Suspension.    Suspension is defined as exclusion from school for up to ten (10) school days.

        B.    Jurisdiction.

                A disabled student at a school-sponsored activity or athletic event may be disciplined for conduct which takes place on school grounds, 
                in a vehicle owned, leased, or contracted by a school to be used for a school purpose, or in a vehicle being driven for a school purpose 
                by a school employee or designee.

        C.    Suspension, Expulsion, Emergency Exclusion, and Injunctive Relief.

                1.    Suspension.

                        a.    Five (5) School Days or Fewer. A suspension of five (5) school days or fewer shall follow the conditions and procedures for 
                               a short-term suspension. Follow the instruction sheet and use the form entitled Millard Public Schools Notice of Short-Term 
                               Suspension for IDEA. Students (Appendix V-E2). Note: The student may be suspended under this subsection even if the 
                               behavior is related to the student's disability if a series of short-term suspensions does not exceed ten (10) school days 
                               cumulative for the school year.

                        b.    More than Five (5), Fewer than Ten (10) School Days. A suspension of more than five (5) school days, but for not more than 
                               ten (10) school days shall follow the conditions and procedures for a long-term suspension. Follow the instruction sheet and 
                               use the form entitled Notice of Suspension, Six to Ten School Days, for IDEA. Students (Appendix V-E6). Note: The student 
                               may be suspended under this subsection even if the behavior is related to the student's disability if a series of suspensions does 
                               not exceed ten (10) school days cumulative for the school year.

                        c.    Suspension Not a Change in Placement. A suspension of ten (10) school days or less at one time does not constitute a change 
                               in placement; however, if a student is suspended for more than ten (10) cumulative school days during the school year, then the 
                               student's IEP Team shall convene for each subsequent suspension to conduct a manifestation determination and to review and     
                               determine the appropriateness of the student's IEP.

                        d.    Special Education Department Invitation and Record of Same. The Special Education Department may wish to invite the 
                               student's parents or guardian to an IEP conference; if so, the following District forms will be utilized:

                                (1)    Notice of MDT and /or IEP/IFSP Team Meeting, and

                                (2)    Annual Review Signatures.

                2.    Expulsion.

                     a.     An expulsion constitutes a change of the special education placement and a Manifestation Determination meeting must be            
                            completed -

Within 10 school days of any decision to change the placement of a child with a disability because of a violation of a code of student conduct, the school district, the parent, and relevant members of the child’s IEP team (as determined by the parent and the school district or approved cooperative) shall review all relevant information in the student’s file, including the child’s IEP, any teacher observations, and any relevant information provided by the parents to determine:

    If the conduct in question was caused by or had a direct and substantial relationship to, the child’s disability; or

    If the conduct in question was the direct result of the school district’s or approved cooperative’s failure to implement the IEP.

    If the school district or approved cooperative, the parent, and relevant members of the IEP team make the determination
    that the conduct was a manifestation of the child’s disability, the IEP team must:

    Either conduct a functional behavioral assessment, unless the school district had conducted a functional behavioral
    assessment before the behavior that resulted in a change of placement occurred, and implement a behavioral intervention        
    plan for the child; or if a behavioral intervention plan has already been developed, review the behavioral intervention    
    plan and modify it, as necessary, to address the behavior; and

    The child shall return to the placement from which the child was removed, unless the parent and the school             
    district or approved cooperative agree to a change of placement as part of the modification of the behavioral intervention plan.

    School personnel may remove a child to an interim alternative educational setting for not more than 45 school days
    without regard to whether the behavior is determined to be a manifestation of the child’s disability, if the child:

    Carries a weapon to or possesses a weapon at school, on school premises, or to a school function under the jurisdiction of the     
    Nebraska Department of Education or a school district or approved cooperative;

    Knowingly possesses or uses illegal drugs, or sells or solicits the sale of a controlled substance, while at school, on school 
    premises, or at a school function under the jurisdiction of the Nebraska Department of Education or a school district or 
    approved cooperative; or

    Has inflicted serious bodily injury upon another person while at school, on school premises, or at a school function under the 
    jurisdiction of the Nebraska Department of Education or a school district or approved cooperative. On the date on which the 
    decision is made to make a removal that constitutes a change of placement of a child with a disability because of a violation 
    of a code of student conduct, the school district shall notify the parents of that decision, and provide the parents the procedure 
    safeguards.
                                
                    b.    Behavior is not Related. If the IEP Team determines that a disabled student's behavior is not directly and substantially related to     
                           the student's disability, then the student may be expelled or otherwise disciplined pursuant to the procedures for non-IDEA.     
                           students. Each disciplined student shall be permitted to remain in his or her current educational placement pending resolution of    
                           any review proceeding. 

                    c.     Emergency Exclusion. The definition, grounds, and procedures for emergency exclusion for IDEA students are the same as non-
                            IDEA students.

                    d.    Injunctive Relief. In cases where the District seeks injunctive relief through the court to remove the student from school, the     
                           procedural requirements set forth herein do not apply. Instead, the District will follow any orders entered by the court.


        D.    Restraint and Seclusion.

                In the event it becomes necessary for a staff member to restrain or seclude a student for the safety of themselves or others the following 
                procedures shall be followed in accordance with Board Rule 5495.2:

                1.    Immediately after the student has regained emotional and behavioral control following the use of physical restraint and/or 
                       seclusion, a staff member not directly involved with the incident shall examine the student to ascertain if any injury has been 
                       sustained during the physical restraint and seclusion. The staff member will document the student’s condition, administer first aid if 
                       needed, and if warranted follow District procedures and rules to seek additional medical assistance. The student, with the assistance 
                       from staff, will de-brief the incident at the earliest appropriate time.

               2.    The staff member involved with the physical restraint and seclusion will have the opportunity to meet with his/her supervisor or 
                      designee after the incident to ascertain if any injury has been sustained during the physical restraint or seclusion and determine any 
                      next steps to insure staff well-being. If no injury is sustained, the supervisor or designee will determine when the staff member can 
                      return to his/her duties. If the supervisor or designee believes the employee should not return to his/her duties, he or she shall follow 
                      District procedures and rules to seek additional medical assistance for the employee and contact Human Resources.

               3.    The building administrator or designee will make reasonable efforts to notify the parent/guardian no later than the end of business
                       on the school day on which the physical restraint/seclusion occurred. The parents should be notified of the circumstances leading up 
                       to the physical restraint/seclusion and be given a point of contact for additional information.

               4.    The individuals involved with the physical restraint/seclusion shall complete the District Restraint/Seclusion Incident Report as soon 
                       as possible after the incident. 

               5.    The building administrator or designee will send written notification to the parent/guardian within two school days following the 
                      use of restraint or seclusion.

               6.    Each staff member involved in a physical restraint/seclusion incident will engage in a de-briefing session. The purpose of the de-
                      briefing session is to determine what could have been done to prevent this incident and the prevention of future use of physical 
                      restraint or seclusion for this student.

    E.    Evaluation of Students Suspected of Having a Disability.

                1.    Determination. If a student is reasonably suspected of having a disability but no such determination has been made, then the 
                       following procedures will be followed:

                        (a)    If there is a reasonable belief that a student subject to disciplinary procedures may have a disability, or if there is a written 
                            request from the student's parent for an evaluation to determine whether the student has a disability under this Rule, then a 
                            Multidisciplinary Team ("MDT") will convene and make such a determination.

                        (b)    If the MDT determines that the student has no disability, then no further IEP Team deliberations will be conducted, and the 
                                student will be subject to the disciplinary procedures of non-IDEA students.

                        (c)    If the MDT determines that the student has a disability, then the student may not be suspended more than ten (10) school days 
                                cumulative during the school year.

    F.    Informal Conference.

           Parents and students who are nineteen (19) or older may file with the Director of Special Education a written request for an informal 
           conference to discuss suspension, expulsion, evaluation, or relatedness of the disability. Within ten (10) school days of the receipt of 
           the request, the Director of Special Education will convene an informal conference team consisting of the parents, school administrators, 
           and the student's IEP Team to attempt to resolve any disagreements.

SECTION V, APPENDIX E